The agreement was negotiated by the Dogrib 11 Treaty, the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Territories (GNWT). This is the first comprehensive land development and self-management agreement in the Northwest Territories. The Land Claims and Self-Government Agreement is the NWT`s first combined land, resource and self-management agreement. Canada, the Government of the Northwest Territories (GNWT) and the T-ch` are parties to the agreement. The agreement was signed on August 25, 2003 by the Dogrib Treaty, the Government of Canada and the GNWT and came into force on August 4, 2005. The agreement provides that the T-ch`s has a single block of 39,000 square kilometres of land, including underground resources, which focuses on the four municipalities. In 2005, the T-ch nation ratified the T-Ch` agreement. The agreement provides for and defines certain rights with respect to land, resources and self-management. In addition to the ownership of the region`s resources and considerable control over their development, the agreement also contains unique provisions for the Dogrib to govern themselves. On Thursday, August 4, 2005, the Tlicho Agreement came into force, « the first official day of the Tlicho government and the municipal governments of Tlicho » (date of 2005).
The Ignon Agreement is unique in that it is the « first common claim for land and self-sustaining agreements in the territories » (Government of Canada, frequently asked questions). Tlicho, also known as Dogrib, are an indigenous people in Canada. They are covered by the broader name of Dene, who are the indigenous peoples of the widespread language family of Athapaskan (or Athabascan). His name for himself is Doné, which means « the people. » To distinguish themselves from their dene neighbors, including the Denesuline, Slavey, Sahtu Got`ine and K`asho Got`ine, they identified themselves as Igero, a cree word meaning « dog`s coast » and which refers to a creative story. In 2005, the Igero Agreement, in which the Igero took control of 39,000 km2 of their traditional lands, became the first combined agreement of self-management and vast land in the Northwest Territories. According to the Northwest Territories Bureau of Statistics (2019), the Igo region had a population of 2,983. Not all members of the municipalities of Dene and T-ch`, have accepted or signed these contracts. In the fall of 1992, the T-ch`s submitted their own regional claims to the Canadian government. Negotiations between the Yellowknife Band B (Contract 8 Dogrib) and the Dog Rib Rae Band (Contract 11 Dogrib) were scheduled to begin in 1994, but the Yellowknife B Band refused to enter into negotiations.
This has complicated the situation, as both groups have overlapping land borders. Self-management seemed to be the problem between the two groups, as they both wanted to have a say in the agreement. This ended the negotiations in 1994, when the Canadian government looked at borders and self-management.